Using the theme of Science with the lens of truth, this essay will explore mental health and the truth behind the treatments, the validity of the things that we know about the conditions and the medicines. This essay focuses on the wider context of mental health, the causes and the treatments behind them, do they help or do they hinder? More specifically it will be focusing on Schizophrenia and if there are any causes behind it. It is most commonly agreed that Schizophrenia is caused by genetics, so tends to run in the family (however it doesn’t guarantee that someone would develop it, they could just carry the gene)4. Brain development is also something that it has been linked to; suggesting that the structure of the brain in someone that suffers from schizophrenia is different from someone that doesn’t. This also alters the way that the neurotransmitters in the brain work, research suggests schizophrenia may be caused by a change in the level of two neurotransmitters, dopamine and serotonin. This causes an imbalance of chemicals in the body, which causes, or exaggerates the condition. However some also believe that drugs (mainly ‘street drugs’) cause, or contribute to the development, of the condition. Particularly cannabis, cocaine, LSD or amphetamines3 can trigger symptoms of the condition in people that weren’t previously suffering. Some of the most common symptoms include hallucinations, becoming delusional, or some can withdraw, and become very flat and emotionless2. The effect of these are often reduced through the use of therapy, ranging from one on one sessions to group therapies. Depending on what kind of symptoms the patient is showing it will depend on what kind of therapy they will receive and how regularly i.e. on a daily or weekly basis. In some cases patients are prescribed antipsychotic drugs1, as they are have a higher success rate in reducing symptoms.